A Guide to Wine Bottles

Educating yourself on the variety of wine bottle sizes and shapes may feel overwhelming --- there’s so many. In the 1700s, wine makers began to deviate from what was the standard of the time once they discovered that different bottles affected how well the cork could seal as well as the taste of the wine itself. The size of the bottle not only influences taste, it can dictate your storage options as well.
Larger bottles are perfect for Bordeaux as well as other wines for a few reasons. The larger format provides ample space for the wine to age slowly, gracefully, and develop more complexity and nuances. This is due to the smaller amount of air within the bottle. Large bottes are also made of thicker glass which protects the wine from temperature fluctuations.
Smaller bottles have benefits, too. Restaurants and airplanes create high demand for small bottles because they are easy to store and serve. For example, the tiny Split bottle is the perfect vessel for a single serving of Champagne.
bottle chart

Here we provide a quick reference guide of the some of the industry standard bottle types starting with the largest of the large; the mighty Midas and ending with the tiny Split or Piccolo.

Wine Bottle Size Chart
Bottle Type/Name
Origin of the Name
Volume/Number of Bottles/Number of Glasses
Midas or Melchizedek
Named after two kings
30L/40 standard bottles/200 glasses
Goliath or Primat
Biblical name of the giant who was defeated by David
27L/36 standard bottles/180 glasses
Named after the Sovereign of the Seas cruise ship
26L/35 standard bottles/175 glasses
The son of King David
20L/26 standard bottles/130 glasses
The oldest of the biblical magi
18L/24 standard bottles/120 glasses
The longest-ruling king of Babylon
15L/20 standard bottles/100 glasses
One of the Three Wise Men
12L/16 standard bottles/80 glasses
Named for an Assyrian king
9L/12 standard bottles/60 glasses
Methuselah or Imperial (Bordeaux)
Name references the Imperial gallon or the oldest man in the Bible
6L/8 standard bottles/40 glasses
Rehoboam (Jeroboam in Bordeaux)
Named for the son of Solomon
4.5L/6 standard bottles/30 glasses
Jeroboam or Double Magnum
The first biblical king of the northern kingdom of Israel
3L/4 standard bottles/20 glasses
1.5L/2standard bottles/10 glasses
1L/1 standard bottle/7 glasses
750ml/1 standard bottle/5 glasses
Half-liter or Jennie
500ml/ 2/3 bottle/3 glasses
Half or Demi
375ml/ 1/2 bottle/2.5 glasses
Split or Piccolo
187.5ml/ 1/4 bottle/1 glass

From Splits to Midas and everything in between, we have the perfect storage solution for your collection. Shop 24/7 at www.vinotemp.com, call 1-800-777-8466, or email info@vinotemp.com.